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Patrick Bureau

100 years of Bauhaus    
Klee,Kandinsky, Gropius, Mies van der Rohe. If these names are familiar to you, you most probably know the Bauhaus movement, one of the major architectural movements of the 20th century.

Founded by Gropius in Weimar in 1919, it was initially a school of architecture and applied arts. During its 14 years of existence, the school has known two other architects directors, the last one being, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, and it has attracted some of the most important artists of the modern era as teachers, including Wassily, Kandinsky, Paul Klee.

The school was best known for its architectural achievements but it was also a spiritual movement with a radical approach to art in all its forms. The students lived and worked together as a real commune.

It has become by extension an artistic movement that has existed mainly in three cities in Germany: Weimar, Dessau and Berlin before spreading all over Europe and the world when the Nazis banned the movement in 1933.

 Photo: The Master's house, Dessau

Quite a celebration

Throughout 2019, more than 100 events are planned in Germany to mark the anniversary of this movement that celebrated creativity, innovation, experimentation and modernism.

Where

In the cradle of this artistic movement, in Saxony-Anhalt, a Land (state) of the Federal Republic of Germany located in the center of the country, of which Magdeburg, the capital, is 150 km from Berlin.

In several cities including Dessau, which houses most of the Bauhaus-inspired buildings, thanks to several public commissions from the City, a guided tour will be offered until November 30th. About fifteen stations allow you to discover many of these remarkable buildings, including restaurants, such as the Kornhaus on the bank of the Elbe River, cafes, apartments, Bauhaus-decorated and furnished shops, facades of buildings, park pavilions that testify to the influence of the Bauhaus in Dessau.

You can walk the well signposted 22km path, cycle it or take the bus line 10 between 10am and 5pm. The Bauhaus Dessau Foundation also offers guided tours.

The Urban Environment Dessau Festival also offers an interactive path with playful facilities in the spirit of the movement that links the Bauhaus buildings to the brand new Bauhaus Dessau museum, which will open in September. With almost 50,000 artifacts from the movement: furniture, documents, photos, drawings and works of art illustrating the vision and concepts shared by the actors of the movement, the new museum will be a real MUST to fully understand the influence of the Bauhaus in our world.

Shows and performances in the Bauhaus spirit will also be offered throughout the year, including the Festival Stage TOTAL which will present Violett, an opera by Kandinsky at the Dessau's new museum and La Trahison des Images, a performance using augmented reality will be presented at the Dessau Masters' house where the movement artists such as Schlemmer, Kandinsky and Klee have lived.

The Bauhaus Route

A four-day tour between Dessau and Weimar passing through Lutherstadt Wittenberg, Halle and Magdeburg, Quedlinburg - a UNESCO World Heritage city and Elbingerode, allows you to discover other achievements: buildings, gardens, applied arts, etc.

And for a total experience

The Bauhaus Dessau Foundation offers you the opportunity to spend the night in one of the most famous Bauhaus buildings in the city, the Studio, home to both young teachers and students at the time. At very low prices (35 to 60 Euros), you can get a room with one of the famous balconies (see photo opposite). There is no Wi-Fi and bathrooms are shared on each floor. Everything to make you live the common spirit of the time!

International recognition

The UNESCO-listed natural and cultural heritage sites around the world include Bauhaus sites in Weimar and Dessau since 1996. This status is a tribute to the Bauhaus building's remarkable architecture and other buildings that have had a lasting impact on the world.

Traces in Montreal

Mies Van der Rohe the third and last director of the movement immigrated to the United States where several of his creations can be seen, the best known being probably the Seagram Building in New York. Some buildings in Montreal also bear his signature, the best known of which is the Westmount Square. But there are also two of his works on Ile-des-Sœurs in Montréal. An apartment building and another rather unusual building that was originally an Esso gas station. The building is today known as La Station and now serves as an intergenerational space where teenagers and seniors have the privilege of spending together a few hours of leisure. A usage that the Bauhaus movement would certainly not have denied!

If you are planning to visit Germany this year, don’t miss this special anniversary!

Christiane Théberge

Source et autres sites à consulter pour plus d’information :http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/729

 

Bauhaus building of the Bauhaus Dessau Foundation

 Kornhaus restaurant

Performance 

Le Studio, Dessau

The new Gropius house, Dessau (reconstruction)  

  Esso gas station, Montréal

 

 

 

 

   

 

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